of the Manchester Terrier goes back centuries. He was already depicted
in a breviary called “The Hours of the Virgin” around AD 1500.
real description was given by Dr. Caius in “De Canibus Brittannicus”, a
study about English dogs in which he described 25 different breeds (ca
The dog he mentioned was rough-coated, had shorter legs and was a lot
heavier than the modern Manchester. In fact the Manchester is an
atypical Terrier, he hunts above ground to chase rats and rabbits, while
most of the other Terrier breeds hunt below the surface (the Latin word
“terra” means earth).
the Manchester Terrier’s forefathers are the rough-coated Old English
Black and Tan Terrier and the died out English White Terrier.
Originally he was called Black and Tan Terrier, at the end of the 19th
Century people started to use the name “Manchester Terrier” because he
was very popular in and around this city.
The British Kennel Club changed the name in 1924.
industrial revolution (end of the 18th – early 19th Century ) big
working class neighbourhoods emerged where the hygiene was poor to put
This attracted lots of vermin like rats, mice, flees, lice and so on.
The Manchester Terrier was put at work in these conditions to hunt down
and kill especially rats. On Sunday the owner (most of the time a poor
worker at the factories in and around Manchester) took his MT to chase
rabbits, the only way to get some meat on the table.
1850 John Hulme started to cross the Black and Tan Terrier with the so
called “Snap Dog”, an early version of the Whippet, to create a dog that
was faster and more agile. This resulted in the version of the
Manchester we know until today.
It is said that the Italian Windhound also was crossed with the
By 1870 the
Manchester Terrier was one of the most popular breeds in the UK. People
started to use him for rat killing in the rat pits, a game where the
bets were very high.
Another sport the Manchester Terrier was used for was “coursing”,
rabbits were chased in an enclosed domain.
gambling at animal fights got prohibited as did cropping of the ears
(1897), the breed took a downfall.
The First World War was a very hard time for dogs and their owners, the
Manchester Terrier didn’t escape this ordeal. Only the efforts of a few
determent breeders (Mr. Hazelwood, Colonel Dean, …) kept the Manchester
on the map.
In 1937 the British Manchester Terrier Club was founded to defend the
interests of the breed, a work that is still going on.
World War nearly gave the fatal blow to the Manchester. In 1946 only 11
registered Manchesters survived the war, most of them too old to breed
Miss Schwabe mated her bitch “Julie of Dreams” with the 13 year old “Red
The two pups out of this combination, “Pretty Kitten of Dreams” and “Red
Robin of Dreams”, would play a major part in saving the breed.
Also a few Manchesters were imported from the United States, “Branlys
Scaramouche”, “Sir Oscar of Chatham Farms”and “Gwinney Willows
Thunderstorm” were the most significant. Point of interest : the
latter two had cropped ears and were excluded from dog shows, the owners
used them nevertheless intensively for breeding. They would give the
Manchester the much needed restart.
Under strict conditions, the British Kennel Club allowed a few
combinations with the English Toy Terrier.
the first post-war champion was crowned : "Oldlane Sensation”.
Manchester Terrier is on the right track, although in his homeland he
is still considered as a “Vulnerable Breed”, this means that over the
past 10 years there were less than 300 registered births a year (for the
Manchester the figure floats around 100 new pups every year).
we don’t have a breeders association for the Manchester because there
are so few (in 2007 only 5 pups were registered by the “Koninklijke
Maatschappij Sint Hubertus”).
As an alternative, the “Belgian Terriër Club” represents all the
different Terrier breeds.
Netherlands the new “Manchester Terriër Club Nederland “ was erected on
October the 23rd 2009 (acknowledged by the “Raad van Beheer” on October
the 8th oktober 2010).
At present there are about 50 members, a few are Belgians.
a European Manchester Terriër Happening is organized in a different
country yearly. It is an opportunity for owners and breeders to meet
each other and have a good time during a weekend in summer. The weekend
includes a competition with games and a running contest on Saturday, on
Sunday there is a dog show where a lot of MT’s are judged by a
connoisseur. At the end the dogs are rated and the winner may take the
trophy home for one year.
It is a
private initiative, so the results are not official, but it gives owners
and breeders a good idea of the quality of the dogs in comparing them
with the other ones.
Especially on the mainland the Happening is important because you don’t
see many Manchesters making appearance at dog shows and hence there is
little competition at the official shows.
Terriër Club Nederland
Terrier – Muriel P. Lee – Kennel Club Books #232 – 2007
Terriër – Sandy Krijgsveld-Koster – 2008
Terriërs “van Hobeuchem” - Eindwerk Hondenfokker Syntra - Walter Van
Bockhaven - 2010
and sound with substance.
Keen, alert, gay
HEAD AND SKULL
flat and narrow, level and wedge shaped without showing
cheek muscles, well filled up under eyes, with tapering,
tight lipped mouth.
small, dark and sparkling. Almond shaped, not prominent.
Small and 'V'
shaped, carried well above top line of head and hanging
close to head above eyes.
Jaws level with perfect
scissor bite (i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower
teeth and set square to jaws).
Fairly long and
tapering from shoulder to head, slightly arched at
crest, free from throatiness
and well sloped. Front narrow and deep. Forelegs quite
straight, set on well under dog and of proportionate
length to body.
Short with well
sprung ribs, slightly arched over the loin and cut up
muscular, well bent at stifle. Hind legs neither cow
hocked nor with feet turned in.
footed and strong with well arched toes.
Short and set on
where arch of back ends, thick where it joins body,
tapering to a point, carried not higher than level
GAIT / MOVEMENT
and balanced with good-reaching forequarters and driving
power in hindquarters.
and glossy, of firm texture.
Jet black and
rich mahogany tan, distributed as follows:
on Head; Muzzle tanned to nose, nose and nasal bone jet
Small tan spot on each cheek and above each eye, under
jaw and throat tanned with distinct tanned 'V'.
Legs from knee downward tanned, with the exception of toes, which shall be
pencilled with black, and a distinct mark (thumb mark)
Inside hind legs tanned but divided with black at stifle
joint. Under Tail tanned, vent tanned by marking as
narrow as possible so that it is covered by tail.
A slight tan mark on each side of chest.
Tan on outside hind legs, commonly called breeching is
In all cases black should not run into tan and vice
versa, but division between colours clearly defined.
Ideal height at
shoulder: Dogs 41 cm (16 inches)
Bitches 38 cm (15 inches).
from the foregoing points should be considered a fault
and the seriousness with which the fault should be
regarded in exact proportion to its degree and its
effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.
Black and Tan
Terrier, at the end of the 19th Century, people started
to call them Manchester Terrier because there were a lot
of MT’s in the vicinity of Manchester. In 1924 the
British Kennel Club officially changed the name into
Group 3 Terriers
Section 1 Big and Middle sized Terriers
Terrier is probably the oldest of all terrier breeds.
The suspected forefathers are the rough-coated Old
English Black and Tan Terrier and the died out English
In the early 1800’s, John Hulme crossed the Manchester
with a Snap Dog, an early version of the Whippet, to give
the MT more speed and agility.
Around 1870 the Manchester was one of the most popular
breeds in England. They were used for rat killing in
ratpits where people gambled for big money and for
rabbit coursing. After gambling at animal fights was
banned and cropping of the ears forbidden in 1897, the
breed knew a downfall and had to struggle to survive.
Both World Wars almost destroyed the breed, in 1946, only
11 registered Manchester Terriers were left in the
United Kingdom, most of them too old to breed with.
The import of Manchesters from the United States saved
the breed., the Kennel Club also allowed a few
combinations with Toy Terriers under strict conditions.
Today, the Manchester Terrier is slowly regaining his
position, although the Kennel Club still considers the
Manchester Terrier as a Vulnerable Breed with around 100
registered births every year.
Nowadays, the MT is a very liked companion in several
in barns and on ships. He was also used for chasing
rabbits, a way to get some meat on the table (most of
the owners were poor workers in the dirty and unhealthy
dog with good bone.
Is the least recognizable Terrier.
Average age 14 years
Size : dogs 41 cm (16 inches)
bitches 38 cm (15 inches)
Jet black and
mahogany tan which should not blend or run into each
other with well defined colour lines. For more details :
see breed standard.
Smoot, short, dense, tight
and glossy. Not soft.
Terrier doesn’t need a lot of work to keep the coat
A rubber curry brush or a hound glove are ideal to keep
the Manchester’s coat shiny and clean. A damp wash cloth
does miracles to keep the coat clean.
Keep the nails short.
The ears can be cleaned with a soft cotton wipe and ear
In general, the
Manchester Terrier is a healthy breed, for a very
detailed description :
Dogs used for breeding will be tested for Von
Willebrand’s Disease type I, a blood disorder.
Skin problems can occur, mostly infections and
A point of interest are the ears, Manchesters have thin
ears and when the blood doesn’t circulate well, the tips
can dry out, it is important to keep an eye on this
problem and if necessary to massage them with a moisture
Terrier is a versatile, confident, alert and agile dog
with a smart look and a sparkling personality.
In short, he is a real “Gentlemen’s Terrier”.
He is very intelligent and sensible. He likes to please
They are good watchdogs with the bark of a big dog.
They are not aggressive but will stand their ground and
defend their family if necessary. They sure are not a
They are very busy outside, but very calm inside the
house or apartment when they get enough exercise.
Manchesters enjoy the company of children when they are
treated with respect.
A Manchester can be dominant towards another dog, a firm
but sensitive hand can be needed, especially the males
can act very macho.
When there are other animals in the house (cats,
ferrets,…) MT's should be educated at a very early stage
to indulge them to avoid problems, remember they were
originally bred for chasing and killing vermin!
Terrier is a very smart dog and likes to please. Like
all Terriers he can be stubborn when he doesn’t get what
He needs a consequent but soft hand, he needs to know
you are in charge and that he can trust you. Shouting
or worse, slapping, are totally not done with a
He loves to run and play, so flyball, agility and
the things to do!
Obedience can be a challenge, when he doesn’t have his
day (he remains a Terrier).
A Manchester needs a lot of exercise and running, when
provided with this, he is a man’s best friend and loves
to sleep near you on the couch.
where there was a big crowd, the very small Toy Terriers
were hidden in pockets of jackets to snap at pickpockets
when they tried to steal money, watches or other
The Dobermann Pinscher, the Jagdterrier, the Beauceron,
the Lancashire Heeler and the Australian Cattle Dog all
have Manchester blood in their veins.